A new terminal at Pulkovo Airport in St. Petersburg, Russia designed by Ramboll, Pascall + Watson and Grimshaw has opened to the public. The terminal building is the first of a two-phase project costing €1bn which will see the dated airport facility expanded and modernised to meet the operator’s long-term goal of achieving a capacity of 22 million passengers per annum.
This is the first project in Russia for international firm Grimshaw who won the scheme in an international competition in 2007 and were retained as concept guardians. Pascal + Watson acted as executive architects and Ramboll were appointed as lead design consultants.
Grimshaw Project Partner Mark Middleton said: “This building represents a point of departure for Grimshaw. We are known for our expressive structures and attention to detail. We wanted to keep all of those elements – the practicality and the buildability, and our interest in sustainability – but also try to make this building more about form and space.
“This development is a quantum leap, easily holding its own among the world’s top airports. I think the future for St Petersburg is bright; Pulkovo will become a large hub, drawing business from Asia and Eastern Europe.”
The design of the new terminal takes reference from its site 20km from downtown St. Petersburg. The interior spaces have been arranged as a series of interconnected zones that echo the city’s layout of islands and bridges with generous open spaces that reference the grandeur of St. Petersburg. The roof system has also been developed in response to the extremes of climate in the city, with structural ‘trees’ positioned to support the weight of winter snow.
In the future, airside infrastructure and operational support facilities will undergo a major overhaul and landside property development includes construction of a new four-star hotel, a business centre and extensive parking facilities. Funding for the venture was sourced through a €1bn public-private partnership which is the first of its kind in Russia.