Terminal 2’s design work was begun by Foster + Partners, then developed into its final form by Luis Vidal (LVA) and HETCo (a joint venture between Ferrovial Agroman and Laing O’Rourke). LVA and HETCo have given Terminal 2 its distinctive 54,000 square metre, wave-like roof. The waves reflect the three stages of the departing passenger journey – check-in, security and departures lounge. They dip as passengers complete one stage, then rise as they pass on to the next.
Terminal 2 will be the world’s first airport terminal to be awarded BREEAM rating for its sustainable building design. The continued commitment to sustainable construction on Terminal 2 began before any of the new building had been erected with the demolition of its predecessor, as more than 90% of the demolished concrete was reused. Terminal 2 has been designed to be as energy efficient as possible: it incorporates an innovative and sophisticated system of active and passive measures to reduce the ecological footprint. The result is a reduction in CO2 emissions by 40%.
Flexibility and modularity
Terminal 2 has been designed with innovative and technological solutions based on modular systems in order to allow not only a faster construction but to facilitate future growth.
The main terminal building offers:
A satellite building – T2B (connected to T2A via an underground walkway)
A 1,340 space multi-storey car park
An energy centre
66 self-service kiosks
60 fast bag drops – which can also be configured for traditional use
56 traditional check-in desks
Check-in will be large enough to accommodate 3,000 passengers per hour
24 security lanes (17 for economy passengers, 4 Fast Track and 3 for staff and crew)
Approximately 600 Security Officers, 30 Passenger Service Ambassadors and 70 Service Team Leaders.
A new sculpture from British artist Richard Wilson RA, located in the covered court (measuring 70 metres, weighing 77 tonnes and suspended 18 metres in the air between two passenger walkways)
Building Heathrow’s next stage
Terminal 2 is Heathrow’s largest construction project. The terminal, a new pier, and a new car park and roads will cost around £2.5 billion.
HETCo (a joint venture between Ferrovial Agroman and Laing O’Rourke) won the Terminal 2A contract in a competitive tender in 2008. Their work covers the demolition of the old Terminal 2 and Queen’s Building, and the construction of the new terminal building including the aircraft stands and cooling station.
The satellite pier is being built by Balfour Beatty. This part of the project includes a network of underground tunnels that will transfer passengers by travelator (and eventually rail) between the satellite pier and the main terminal building.
Laing O’Rourke won the contract for Terminal 2’s multi-storey car park. They are also working on the central courtyard that links the car park with the terminal, the plaza and the approach roads to the car park.
The baggage system contractors include Mace and Siemens and the instrumentation and control systems are being designed and installed by Fujitsu, Tyco, Firstco, BT and Mott MacDonald.
Credits to Balfour Beatty and Luis Vidal Architects.